Raga Gauri - Beauty from Guru Granth Sahib (Aroh, Avaroh, Pakad and Shabad)



Introduction
Raga Gauri is an India musical raga that appears in the Sikh tradition from northern India and is part of the Sikh holy scripture called Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS.)

Every raga has a strict set of rules which govern the number of notes that can be used; which notes can be used; and their interplay that has to be adhered to for the composition of a tune.

In the Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh holy Granth (book) there are a total of 31 raga compositions and this raga is the third raga to appear in the series.

Gauri is one of several ragas that appears in the Ragmala as a ragini (subset) of Sri Raga. This is an evening raga assigned to autumn and its mood is contemplative.


The composition in Gauri is very voluminous. Gauri was used by Guru Nanak, Guru Amar Das, Guru Ram Das, Guru Arjan and Guru Tegh Bahadur.

Several forms of Gauri Raga exist historically and this probably accounts for the large number of variants: Gauri Cheti, Gauri Bairagan, Gauri Dipaki, Gauri Purbi-Dipaki, Gauri Guareri, Gauri-Majh, Gauri Malava, Gauri Mala, Gauri Sorath, Gauri Dakhani.

Which Thaat does Raga Gauri belong To?
Bhairav Learn more about Thaats here

Which Swara is Vaadi (Prominent) Swara?
Re (Rishabh)

Which Swara is Samvaadi (Second most prominent) Swara?
Pa (Pancham)

Which Jaati does Raga Gauri belong to?
Sampurna-Sampurna Learn more about Jaati here

In which prahara is Raga Gauri sung?
Prahara 4 Learn more about Prahara here

Learn to Sing Raga Gauri
Aroh
Sa Re- Ma Pa Ne SA

Avaroh
SA Ne Dha- Pa Ma Ga Re- Sa

Pakad - Identification of Raga
Ma Dha- Pa Dha- Ma Pa Ma Ga Re- Ga Re- Sa ne Sa Re- Ga Re- Sa

Shabad
Oha parem piri.
Kanik maṇik gaj moṯīan lalan nah nah nahi.
Raj na bhag na hukam na saḏan.
Kichh kichh na chahi.
Charnan sarnan santan bandan.
Sukho sukh pahi.
Nanak tapat hari.
Mile parem piri.

Shabad translation in English
I seek the Love of my Beloved. Gold, jewels, giant pearls and rubies – I have no need for them. Imperial power, fortunes, royal command and mansions – I have no desire for these. The Sanctuary of the Lord’s Feet, and dedication to the Saints these bring me peace and pleasure. O Nanak, my burning fire has been put out, Obtaining the Love of the Beloved



Raga Malkauns (Malkosh) or Hindolam - Learn to sing with notes Aroh, Avaroh, Rasa



Introduction

Raga Malkauns (a.k.a Malkosh) is a very popular raga in the North Indian System (Hindustani Classical Music). In the South it is known as Hindolam. It is a pentatonic raga that has five notes Sa, Ga(k), Ma, Dha(k), and Nn(k). One would think that with so many komal (flat) notes, it would have a strong minor quality about it. However, upon close examination we see that the absence of the fifth and the strong presence of the fourth causes the mind to "invert" it. Therefore, it tends to sound surprisingly similar to Dhani to which it has a murchana relationship.

Which Thaat does Raga Malkauns belong To?
Bhairavi Learn more about Thaats here

Which Swara is Vaadi (Prominent) Swara?
Ma (Madhyam)


Which Swara is Samvaadi (Second most prominent) Swara?
Sa (Shadaj)


Which Jaati does Raga Malkauns belong to?
Audhav - Audhav Learn more about Jaati here


Which Swaras are prohibited (Vergit) in Raga Malkauns?
Re (Reshabh) and Pa (Pancham)


In which prahara is Raga Malkauns sung?
Prahar 3 Learn more about Prahara here


What is the Rasa for Raga Malkauns?
Gambhir Learn more about Rasa (Mood) here


Learn to Sing Raga Malkauns
Aroh
Sa Ga- Ma Dha- Ne- SA

Avaroh
SA Ne- Dha- Ma Ga- Sa

Pakad - Identification of Raga
dha- ne- Sa Ma Ma Ga- Ma Ga- SA

Sthai
Ma Ga- Sa ne- Sa dha- ne- Sa Ga- Ma Ma Ga- Ma Dha- Ne- SA Ne- Dha- SA Ne- Dha- Ma Ga- Sa

Antara
Ga- Ma Dha- Ne- SA SA SA Dha- Ne- Ne- SA MA GA- SA GA- SA Ne- SA Ne- Dha- Ne- Dha- Ma Dha- Ma Ga- Ma Ga- Sa


Lakshan Geet
Nanda ke chela dheet langarwa
Mori baiyan pakar aaj daye kyon
Aawat jawat kar pakarat hai
Gari Dungi thurkawa tohe
Kavan kaaj man harva daaye kyon


Which bollywood songs are taken from Raga Malkauns?
Man Tarpat Hari Darshan Ko Aaj Baiju Bawra
Aadha Hai Chandrama Raat Aadhi Navrang
Chham Chham Ghunghroo Bole Kaajal

Raga Pahadi - Learning Notes, Aroh, Avaroh and Bollywood Songs

Introduction

Raga Pahadi is a popular raga based on folk music. As its name suggests, it originates from the mountainous region of Himalayas. It resembles two other ragas which exude the rich cultural heritage of folk music: Mand from the Rajasthan region and Pilu from the Hindi heartland. It is a light raga and resembles more like a 'dhun'. It is very popular in Hindi music and sometimes simulates multiple echoes.

Pahadi is mostly sung in the lower and middle octaves. Soundofindia.com describes it beautifully: the raga is like a lover, unruffled in union, serene in separation, powerful enough to achieve eternal union, but resigned to the painful parting ordained by destiny.

Which Thaat does Raga Pahari belong To?


Which Swara is Vaadi (Prominent) Swara?

Pa (Pancham)


Which Swara is Samvaadi (Second most prominent) Swara?

Sa (Sadaj)


Which Jaati does Raga Pahari belong to?

Audav-Sampoorn Learn more about Jaati here


In which prahara is Raga Pahari sung?

Prahar 5 - 6pm to 9pm Learn more about Prahara here


What is the Rasa for Raga Pahari?

Shringar, Shaant Learn more about Rasa (Mood) here


Learn to Sing Raga Pahari


Aroh

pa dha Sa Re Ga Pa Dha SA


Avaroh

SA Ne Dha Pa Ma Ga Re Sa ne dha pa dha Sa


Pakad - Identification of Raga

Sa dha pa dha ma ga pa dha Sa


Sthai

Sa Sa Re Sa Re Ma Pa Dha Pa Pa Pa Ne- Dha Pa Ma Re Re Re Ma Pa Dha Pa Pa Pa Ne- Dha Pa Ma Re Re Re Ma Pa Dha Pa Ma Pa Ma Ma


Antara

SA SA SA SA SA Ne RE SA Dha Pa Ma Ma Pa Dha SA Dha Pa Pa Pa Ne- Dha Pa Ma Re Re Re Ma Pa Dha Pa Pa Pa Ne- Dha Pa Ma Re Re Re Ma Pa Dha Pa Ma Pa Ma Ma


Which bollywood songs are taken from Raga Pahari?

Aa ja re, aa je re o mere dilbar aaja Movie: Noori
Aaj ki raat mere dil ki salaami le le Movie: Ram Aur Shyam