Guide to Hindustani Classical Music: You would never need anything else

Karnatic Music Origin

Origins of Hindustani Classical Music

Hindustani Classical Music, also known as "Shastriya Sangeet" or "Klasiki Mausiqi" was originated in the form of Vedic Chants in 12th Century CE. The place of origin for Hindustani Classical music is know to be Northern India, Pakistan, Banglashdesh, Nepal and few parts of Afghanistan. In today's world, it is one of the two major classical music forms namely:

  • Carnatic (Karnatak) Music originated mainly in Southern India and 
  • Hindustani Classical Music. 


Characteristics 

Because of it's roots in Samaveda (Sama meaning Song), Hindustani Classical Music has a central notion of melodic mode (which is similar to the chanting of Srutis of RigVeda), often referred to as Ragas which are sung in a rhythmic cycle which is known as Tala. Hindustani Classical Music was mainly a form of Art in 12 century with a classification of masters of the arts as Pandits for hindus and Ustads for Muslims. It was also a religiously neutral art form as witnessed by the Sufi music where ustads often sang songs about Hindu Deities and vice versa. 
Credit and Reference Project Gutenberg

Music In Vedas and Vedic Era


The concept of tones or notes of 7 originally came from Samveda where it gave structure to the singing of the verses of Rigveda. These seven notes were:

  1. Krusht
  2. Pratham
  3. Dwitiya
  4. Tritiya
  5. Chaturth
  6. Mandra
  7. Atiswar

At that time the only fixed frequency instrument was flute so these notes are with respect to notes of the flute. Music was also intensively depicted in the religious scriptures like Ramayana, where Narada was an accomplished musician and so does Ravana. Saraswati is the goddess of knowledge and music with her Veena. The most important text on music is Bharata's Natya Shastra which deals with different styles of music, dance and drama including the emotional responses of the listener or viewer. The term Raga gets its meaning also from Bharata's Natya Shastra.


Main Concepts

Swara, Thaat, Shruti, Raga, Sargam, Tala, Laya, Bandish, Gharan

Musical Instruments

Sitar, Sarod, Veena, Bansuri, Santoor, Shehnai, Sarangi, Tambura, Tabla, Pakhavaj

Genres

Dhrupad, Dhamar, Khyal, Tarana, Sadra

Semi-Classical Genres

Thumri, Dadra, Tappa, Kajari, Chaiti, Sawani, Hori, Bhajan, Abhang, Natyageet, Qawwali, Ghazal

Thaats

Bilaval, Khamaj, Kafi, Asavari, Bhairav, Bhairavi, Todi, Purvi, Marwa, Kalyan



Let me know in the comment section if you would like more details.

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Raaga Hameer
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Raga Kedar
Raga Bhoopali
Raga Durga
Raga Saranga
Raga Bhairava
Raga Des
Nav Ras
Where does Saregama come from?
Which Raga should I sing during days and nights?

Why You Should Learn an Instrument as a Vocalist?

Learning to play a music instrument has multiple advantages for singers of Hindustani classical music. But at the same time one doesn’t necessarily has to learn an instrument in order to learn vocal skills.


Here are four main reasons why it is a good idea to learn an instrument as a vocalist.

Music Theory

Music TheoryGenerally speaking, students who learn vocal/singing skills, do not really need a deep understanding of music theory and usually as vocalist (except in some genres of music) students can work their way up without learning it. On the contrary, as  a musician, one needs to have a strong understanding of music theory including reading and writing skills of musical notations. Learning music theory has the advantage that it improves listening skills and tunes up the ears too.

Visual Memory

Learning to play an instrument helps to learn a melody and musical notes visually. One can play and sing along, say a difficult part of melody, on a piano and remember the notes or “Suras” as visual representation. This helps specifically students who have a strong visual memory.

Versatility with Confidence

As a vocalists, at times, to gain confidence and to get rid of stage fear, performing in front of a small
group, for example a house party or at a small house concert can radically boost one’s self -confidence. But often times as a vocalist, it is difficult to keep the audience interested during a performance. Learning an instrument will enable multiple opportunities to perform in front of small groups which ultimately brings more confidence and clear understanding of one’s own capabilities.




Collaboration with Musicians

One strong advantage of learning to play an instrument is that sooner or later as vocalist, one wants or happens to sing as part of a band where s/he needs to collaborate with multiple different musicians.

From my personal experience, it bring a huge advantage when as a vocalist one understands the language of music and can talk and discuss about the notes and beats while practicing a song with other musicians. Often times groups tend to have multiple vocalists where each member has to support other vocalist in their performance and in this case, it becomes very helpful if a vocalist can take up more roles in a band.

Finally, in my opinion, it is always good to explore multiple dimensions of one’s skills even though the main interest remains in vocal skills.

Also, when life gives you only one chance, learning an instrument is worth it.

All the best.

PS: Please let me know if I missed something!! :)Please like the facebook page:

You might also like

Hindustani Classical Music - Everything You Need to Know
4 Reasons Why You Should Learn an Instrument as a Vocalist
Raaga Kalvati
Raaga Hameer

11 Best Ragas Used in Bollywood Movies
5 ways you sing better
Raga Kedar
Raga Bhoopali
Raga Durga
Raga Saranga
Raga Bhairava
Raga Des
Nav Ras
Where does Saregama come from?
Which Raga should I sing during days and nights?

Raga Kalavati and how to sing it with Aroh, Avaroh, Pakad, Lakshan Geet and Bandhish

Learn about Indian Ragas


Important!! (Notation)

Capital Letter: High Notes
Exclamation Mark (!) mean longer notes.

Time of Day

Aaroh 

Sa Ga Pa Dha Ni SA

Avaroh

SA Ni Dha Pa, Ga Pa Dha Pa Ga Sa

Pakad

Sa Ga Ga Sa, Sa Ga Pa Ga Sa, -2
Sa Ga Pa Dha Pa Ga Sa, Sa Ga Pa Dha Ni Dha Pa Ga Sa,
Sa Ga Ga Sa, Sa Ga Pa Ga Sa,
Sa Ga Pa Dha Pa Ga Sa, Sa Ga Pa Dha Ni Dha Pa Ga Sa,
Sa Ga Pa Dha Ni SA
SA Ni Dha Pa Ga Sa
SA Ni Dha Pa Ga Sa, Ni Dha Sa, Ni Dha Sa, Ni Dha Sa,
Sa Ga Ga Sa, Sa Ga Pa Ga Sa,
Sa Ga Pa, Sa Ga Ga Sa,
Sa Ga Pa Ga Sa, Sa Ga Pa Dha Pa Ga Sa,
Sa Sa Ga Ga Pa Pa Dha Dha Pa Pa Ga Ga Sa,
Sa Sa Ga Ga Pa Pa Dha Dha, Ni Ni Dha Dha Pa Pa Ga Ga Sa
Sa Ga Pa Dha Ni Dha SA, SA Ni Dha Pa, Ni Dha Pa Ga,
Dha Pa Ga Sa, Pa Ga Sa Ni, Ga Sa Ni, Dha Sa

Bandhishi (Tritaal)

Bolan Laagi Koyaliya -3
Bhramat Bhramar Madhu Maas Aaya - 2 (Back to first line)
Kal Kookaki Kunja, Gunjaar
Atahi Suhavan Nirakhat Chhaiya (


PS: Please let me know if I missed something!! :)Please like the facebook page:

You might also like

Hindustani Classical Music - Everything You Need to Know
4 Reasons Why You Should Learn an Instrument as a Vocalist
Raaga Kalvati
Raaga Hameer

11 Best Ragas Used in Bollywood Movies
5 ways you sing better
Raga Kedar
Raga Bhoopali
Raga Durga
Raga Saranga
Raga Bhairava
Raga Des
Nav Ras
Where does Saregama come from?
Which Raga should I sing during days and nights?

Raga Hamir or Raaga Hameer and how to sing it with Pakad, Lakshan Geet and Bandhish with Pdf Download

Notes for Raga Hamir

Important!!

Capital Letter: High Notes
Exclamation Mark (!) mean longer notes.

Aaroh 

Sa Ga Ma Dha Ni SA

Avaroh:

SA Ni Dha Pa Ma, Pa Ga Ma Re, Sa

Sthai

SA Ni Dha Pa Ma, Pa Ga Ma Dha!! Dha Ni SA!
SA RE SA SA Na Dha Pa Ma, Pa Ga Ma Dha!
Ga Ma Re Sa , Sa Re Ga Ma Dha Dha Ma, Pa Dha Ni SA RE
SA Ni Dha Pa Ma, Pa Ga Ma Dha!!! Dha Ni SA,


Antara

Pa! Pa SA! SA SA! RE SA, GA MA RE SA! RE SA!
SA Ni Dha Pa! Dha Ma, Pa Ga Ma Re Sa! Re Sa!
Sa Re Sa! Dha Dha Pa! SA RE SA Ni Dha Pa! Dha Ma Pa Ga Ma Dha!! Dha Ni SA!

Bandhishi

Gavat Jan Madhur Naam,
Seetaa pati Sukhaviraam,
Harat Kaam Ika Darasan (Antara)

Vadan Koti Chandra Saris
Tilak Charu Ruchir Paras,
Naam Vibudh Muni Saravas,
Avadha Sujan Paaee Sahaj (1)

Download PDF

PS: Please let me know if I missed something!! :)
Please like the facebook page:

You might also like

Hindustani Classical Music - Everything You Need to Know
4 Reasons Why You Should Learn an Instrument as a Vocalist
Raaga Kalvati
Raaga Hameer

11 Best Ragas Used in Bollywood Movies
5 ways you sing better
Raga Kedar
Raga Bhoopali
Raga Durga
Raga Saranga
Raga Bhairava
Raga Des
Nav Ras
Where does Saregama come from?
Which Raga should I sing during days and nights?

























11 Best Ragas Used In Bollywood Music

Learn singing bollywood songs with classical Ragas

Raag Bhairav

Raag Hameer

  • Madhuban Mein Radhika Nache Re (Movie: Kohinoor)

Raag Kalavati


Raag Bhairavi

Raag Yaman / Yaman - Kalyan

Raag Darbaari

  • O Duniya Ke Rakhwaale (Movie: Baiju Bawra)
  • Tu Pyaar Ka Sagar Hai (Movie: Seema)
  • Ae Dil Mujhe Aisi Jagah (Movie: Aarzoo)
  • Tora Man Darpan Kahlaaye (Movie: Kaajal)
  • Jhanak Jhanak Tori Baaje (Movie: Mere Huzoor)
  • Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna (Movie: Shaheed)

Raag Pahadi

Raag Shivaranjini

Raag Bhopali

Raag Malhar

Raag Khamaj